Frog Lake First Nation

Frog Lake was the site of the Frog Lake Massacre, a Cree uprising during the North-West Resistance, led by Wandering Spirit.  A group of young Cree unruly warriors attacked the small town near Frog Lake, Alberta in April 2, 1885.


Angered by what seemed to be unfair treaties by the Canadian government and the dwindling buffalo population, their main source of food, Big Bear and his Cree decided to press for food and shelter.  They had heard about the successful Métis victory at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan. They gathered all the white settlers in the area into the local church. Thomas Quinn, the town's Indian Agent, was killed after he again refused to hand over food and blankets.  Caught up in the terror and excitement, nine people were killed and three were taken as captives by the Cree. 


The massacre prompted the Canadian government to officially take notice of the growing unrest in Western Canada. These concerns gave vent to physical violence and the Frog Lake Massacre in 1885, and the government sent an Alberta Field Force and other troops westward to settle the matter.  The Métis did rise under the leadership of Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont in the eastern part of the Territory and Chief Big Bear, of the Cree, in the West also found common alliance with the Métis.  The Resistance was eventually put down, and Wandering Spirit, the war chief responsible for the Frog Lake Massacre, was hanged.


Frog Lake First Nation is located on the eastern edge of the Alberta border, north of Lloydminster. The site of this tragic event is laden with memories of lives lived and lost: archaeological remains, a cemetery, and depressions in the earth representing the church, the mill, the milk house, stables, remnants of the old wagon trails still exist.


Located approx. 90km North of Lloydminster, AB.
Ph: (780) 943-3737

© 2018 Trails of 1985
All Rights Reserved
Mobile Analytics